9 Main IoT Security Challenges for the Future of Internet Of Things (Iot)

Internet of Things (IoT) is one of the hottest technologies in the era of digital transformation, connecting everything to the Internet. It is the core technology behind smart homes, self-driving cars, smart utility meters, and smart cities. But there are nine main security challenges for the future of the internet of things (IoT).

1. Outdated hardware and software.

Since the IoT devices are being used increasingly, the manufacturers of these devices are focusing on building new ones and not paying enough attention to security.
A majority of these devices don’t get enough updates, whereas some of them never get a single one. What this means is that these products are secure at the time of purchase but becomes vulnerable to attacks when the hackers find some bugs or security issues.
When these issues are not fixed by releasing regular updates for hardware and software, the devices remain vulnerable to attacks. For every little thing connected to the Internet, the regular updates are a must-have. Not having updates can lead to data breach of not only customers but also of the companies that manufacture them.

2. Use of weak and default credentials.

Many IoT companies are selling devices and providing consumers default credentials with them — like an admin username. Hackers need just the username and password to attack the device. When they know the username, they carry out brute-force attacks to infect the devices.
The Mirai botnet attack is an example that was carried out because the devices were using default credentials. Consumers should be changing the default credentials as soon as they get the device, but most of the manufacturers don’t say anything in the instruction guides about making that change. Not making an update in the instruction guides leaves all of the devices open to attack.

3. Malware and ransomware.

The rapid rise in the development of IoT products will make cyberattack permutations unpredictable. Cybercriminals have become advanced today — and they lock out the consumers from using their own device.

4. Predicting and preventing attacks.

Cybercriminals are proactively finding out new techniques for security threats. In such a scenario, there is a need for not only finding the vulnerabilities and fixing them as they occur but also learning to predict and prevent new threats.

5. Difficult to find if a device is affected.

Although it is not really possible to guarantee 100% security from security threats and breaches, the thing with IoT devices is that most of the users don’t get to know if their device is hacked.

6. Data protection and security challenges.

In this interconnected world, the protection of data has become really difficult because it gets transferred between multiple devices within a few seconds. One moment, it is stored in mobile, the next minute it is on the web, and then the cloud.

7. Use of autonomous systems for data management.

From data collection and networking point-of-view, the amount of data generated from connected devices will be too high to handle.

8. Home security.

Today, more and more homes and offices are getting smart with IoT connectivity. The big builders and developers are powering the apartments and the entire building with IoT devices. While home automation is a good thing, but not everyone is aware of the best practices that should be taken care of for IoT security.

9. Security of autonomous vehicles.

Just like homes, the self-driving vehicles or the ones that make use of IoT services, are also at risk. Smart vehicles can be hijacked by skilled hackers from remote locations. Once they get access, they can control the car, which can be very risky for passengers.

Wrapping up

Undoubtedly, IoT is a technology that should be called a boon. But since it connects all the things to the Internet, the things become vulnerable to some sort of security threats. Big companies and cybersecurity researchers are giving their best to make things perfect for the consumers, but there is still a lot to be done.

Vaibhav Shah

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